Father of the Nation
Father of the Nation
Hon’ble Prime Minister of Bangladesh
|Mohiuddun Jahangir||Hamidur Rahman||Muhammad Mustafa Kamal||Mohammad Ruhul Amin||Matiur Rahman||Munshi Abdur Rouf||Noor Mohammad Shaikh|
Prof. Dr. Pradanendu Bikash Chakma
আমি হাজার বছরের সর্বশেষ্ঠ বাঙালী স্বাধীন বাংলাদেশের স্থপতি জাতির পিতা বঙ্গবন্ধু শেখ মুজিবুর রহমানের প্রতি শ্রদ্ধা নিবেদন করছি। শ্রদ্ধা জানাই ১৯৭৫ এর ১৫ আগষ্ট যাঁরা ঘাতকের নির্মম বুলেটে শাহাদাৎ বরণ করেছেন। আরো শ্রদ্ধা জানাই ৩০ লক্ষ শহীদের প্রতি এবং ২ লক্ষ মা বোনদের প্রতি যারা মুক্তিযুদ্ধের সময় সম্ভ্রম হারিয়েছেন। স্বাধীনতার সুবর্ণজয়ন্তী এবং বঙ্গবন্ধুর জন্মশতবার্ষিকী উদযাপন উপলক্ষে মাননীয় প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনাসহ দেশের আপামর জনসাধারণকে শ্রদ্ধা ও অভিনন্দন জানাচ্ছি।
একথা অনস্বীকার্য যে, বঙ্গবন্ধুর আবির্ভাব না হলে আমরা স্বাধীন বাংলাদেশ পেতাম না। ক্ষুধা ও দারিদ্র্যমুক্ত বাংলাদেশ গড়ার লক্ষ্যে মাননীয় প্রধানমন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনার হাতকে আরো শক্তিশালী করার জন্য দেশের সবাইকে এগিয়ে আসার আহ্বান জানাই। বঙ্গবন্ধুর জীবন ও আদর্শ নতুন প্রজন্মের কাছে সঠিকভাবে তুলে ধরতে হবে যাতে তারা বঙ্গবন্ধুর স্বপ্নের সোনার বাংলা গড়ার ক্ষেত্রে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ অবদান রাখতে পারে। বাংলাদেশ চিরজীবী হোক।
~ প্রফেসর ডঃ প্রদানেন্দু বিকাশ চাকমা
On March 7, 1971, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered his historic speech at Racecourse Ground in Dhaka. Bangabandhu called for the independence of Bangladesh as “in every village, every locality, every union, and every sub-division establish “Resistance Council” under the leadership of Awami League. And be ready with whatever you have. Bear in mind that since we have given blood, we will give more, but by the grace of Allah we will surely liberate the people of this country. The struggle this time is the struggle for our liberation. The struggle this time is the struggle for our independence.” UNESCO included the speech in the Memory of the World Register as a documentary heritage on 30 October 2017.
On 16th December 1971, a new nation is born-Bangladesh. After nine months of bloody war which killed over 3 million of Bengalis, the Pak army (over 93,000 troops) surrendered to the allied forces of Muktibahini (Liberation forces) and Indian army. The people of Bangladesh got identity, National Flag and Sovereign County in the world.
On 10th January 1972 Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returned home from Pakistan and took the charge of reconstructing the war-torn country. On his way home Bangabandhu met British Prime Minister Edward Heath in London and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in New Delhi and expressed the heartiest gratitude to them. That day, Bangabandhu “thanked his people for freeing him and expressed his joy that we were a free nation at last. A man, a Bangalee and a Muslim die only once”.
On 17th September 1974, Bangladesh became the 136th Member State of the United Nation. Just eight days later on 25 September 1974, the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered a speech in Bengali at the United Nations General Assembly. Since joining the United Nations, Bangladesh has been playing a significant role in the World Body in regard to political, security, economic, environmental, democracy, human rights, peacekeeping, and social spheres of the UN activities.
On the night of August 15, 1975, a group of wayward army officers assassinated Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib and all of his family members. This brutal assassination not only put an indelible smudge in the newborn nation’s history but led the country into a political vacuum. Democracy started fading away and the reconstruction process suffered a major setback. Luckily, Mujib’s two daughters Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and Sheikh Rehana were survived due to stay in a foreign country at the time of the assassination.
On 2nd December 1997, a peace accord was signed between the Bangladesh Government and Parbatya Chattagram Jana Sanghati Samity (on behalf of Chittagong Hill Tracts citizen) to sustain the political, social, cultural, educational, and economic rights of all the people of Chittagong Hill Tracts region. Following the peace accord, the Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs, Chittagong Hill Tracts Regional Council, Refugees Rehabilitation Taskforce formed, and also amended three Hill District Councils act. Now all the institutions are functioning and performing their activities for the development of Chittagong Hill Tracts. Sheikh Hasina has been awarded UNESCO’s Houphouet-Boigny Peace Prize for 1998 for her remarkable contribution to bringing peace through ending the 25 years of conflict in the Chittagong Hill Tracts with political courage and statesmanship.
International Mother Language Day is our pride. On 21 February 1952, our brothers fought for the recognition of the Bangla Language and sacrificed their lives in the language movement. The day has earned international recognition on 17 November 1999 and observed annually in the whole world to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and to promote multilingualism. The observance was formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly.
Honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, the woman who didn’t only see the dream of a Digital Bangladesh but made it true with her excellent leadership, dedication, and guidance. She is a promising Bangladeshi politician serving as the 10th Prime Minister, having held office since January 2009. Having previously served as Prime Minister, she is the longest-serving Prime Minister in the history of Bangladesh. She has received the mother of humanity title from Channel 4. Global Partnership Forum awarded her with the Agent of Change award. Global Alliance for Vaccination and Immunisations (GAVI) conferred the Vaccine Hero award upon the Prime Minister. Daughter of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Prime Minister Hasina is considered as one of the most powerful women in the world.
From the very beginning of its journey, the Bangladesh cricket team has been raising at a very stunning pace. After the establishment Bangladesh Cricket Control Board in 1972, the journey has faced many ups and downs. In 1999 at the Tigers’ first-ever appearance at the quadrennial mega-event, the Bangladesh team has performed its best by beating teams like Scotland in the 7th Cricket World Cup organized by ICC. The Tigers then shocked the world by convincingly defeating a full-strength Pakistan team by 62 runs to end their campaign on a high note. A worthy performance for which we can really feel proud of our heroes.
On June 14, 1975, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman inaugurated the first satellite earth station at Betbunia under Kawkhali Upazila in the Rangamati district. It is also known as Betbunia Ground Satellite Center. It was an attempt to relocate the station elsewhere, but Bangabandhu’s strong stance, the construction work remained at the original site (128 acres of land). Now this station provides data communication, fax, and telex with a total of 11 countries including Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Oman, Pakistan, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Japan, UAE, and India (Mumbai). More importantly, the station serves as the secondary control center for Bangladesh’s first satellite, Bangabandhu-1, which was launched into space on May 12, 2018.
Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge which is now commonly known as Bangabandhu Bridge was once a cherished dream for us. After 4 year-long efforts of about 4000 people, we finally were gifted with such a mighty construction connecting people of two parts of Jamuna River. The successful completion of this bridge is recognized as the largest achievement in the past liberation period of Bangladesh. Starting from 1994, the construction of the bridge was ended on June 20, 1998. On June 23, 1998, the bridge was officially inaugurated by then the honorable prime minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina. The 4.8 kilometers long and 18.5-meter bridge is recognized as the 6th longest bridge in South Asia.
Padma Multipurpose Bridge Project, the “Dream Bridge” of Bangladesh people, locates at about 40km southwest of Dhaka, the capital city. A dream about becoming reality against all odds. It is a double-layer steel truss bridge, with a two-way four-lane roadway on top and a single-track railway at the bottom. The history of crossing the River through ferry boat of local residents from the 21 south districts & the capital city has come to an end with this mighty construction. The bridge with 150.12 meters long having 41 spans, 6.150 kilometers total length, and 18.18-meter width, the longest over the Ganges in terms of both span and the total length which is marked as the largest bridge of the country.
On 24 February 2019, Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated the country’s first underwater expressway tunnel-Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Tunnel under the Karnaphuli River. The total length of the tunnel will be around 9.3 kilometers, with a 3.4 kilometers part under Karnaphuli River, and an approach road of 5.25 kilometers alongside 727 meters of an over-bridge. Through this tunnel communication among Dhaka, Chattogram, and Cox’s Bazar would be easier and will require less time consuming as well as will contribute to the development of the national economy of the country. The tunnel will be completed in December 2022.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated the construction work for the first metro rail service on 26 June 2016. Dhaka Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Development Project is an official name of the metro rail scheme which stretches from Uttara to Motijheel. The Tk 22,000 crore ($2.5 billion) ambitious metro rail project has been taken with an aim to open the railway as soon as possible.
The entire metro rail route will be elevated and all the 16 stations will be elevated as well.